Knowing the climate you are trying to garden in is critical to success. All climates have seasons, and these seasons bring different conditions from hot/dry conditions to cool/moist. However, no season is ever truly the same due to natural variances which occur from year to year.
In Brisbane we have a Sub-Tropical climate. Typical, Sub-Tropical climates experience hot/humid summers with heavy rainfalls, mild winters with occasional frost, and hot/dry springs. On average we can expect the following seasons in Brisbane:
- December/January-March, hot humid weather with intensely heavy rains over short periods. However sometimes the rain just keeps coming. Typically February is the wettest month. By the tail end of March we generally start to emerge from this season. Insect pressure is huge at this time of year.
- End March-May/June, warm weather with fairly consistent rainfalls allows many of the typical English/European plants to be grown with great success.
- June-August, cooler temperatures with occasional frosts in some areas mean that cooler weather loving plants thrive. Precipitation is a not as consistent at this time of year, often with many weeks between rainfalls.
- August-September, the windy season. Generally from a westerly direction, these strong drying winds can wreak havoc on the garden. The winds will suck moisture from exposed soil which is not mulched.
- September-November/December, is when the weather is hot and dry. This is a great time to grow Mediterranean plants which thrive in this type of climate.
Probably the most difficult thing for new gardeners to this area, is realising that although you can grow plants all year round, they may only do well at certain times of the year. To get the most out of your food garden you need to plant according to the seasons, and most importantly the season currently being experienced (historical temperature and rainfall information is just that - a thing of the past).